Africa Poverty Facts

This page contains Africa poverty facts and world poverty facts.

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  1. Around 20,000 people perish each day due to extreme poverty. Maybe 8,000 of malaria, 7, 500 of AIDS and 5,000 of tuberculosis [1].
  2. As of 2005, the US spent $15 billion on overseas aid and $450 billion on its military [1]
  3. Corruption does not generally correlate with poverty. Some very corrupt regions are more developed than less corrupt ones [1].
  4. Malaria is more rife in sub-Saharan Africa because the conditions for Malaria spreading there are much better [1].
  5. 852 million people are still chronically or acutely malnourished [2].
  6. Hidden hunger, caused by lack of essential micronutrients, (vitamins and minerals), afflicts more than 2 billion [2].
  7. Poverty, low food production, mothers' lack of education, poor water, poor sanitation and poor health facilities contribute to high levels of underweight preschool children [2].
  8. Malnutrition and hunger are the number one risk factor for illness worldwide [2].
  9. In Africa, 51% of children complete primary school
  10. Sexual and Reproductive health problems account for 32% of womens' global burden of disease [4].
  11. Sub-Saharan African women spend more than 800 hours a year in Zambia collecting fuel wood [4].
  12. 49% of women without property reported violence in research in Kerala, India, while only 7% of women without property reported violence [4].
  13. Half of all workers are in jobs with 80% of the workforce of the same sex [4].
  14. Approximately 10.8 million children under  die each year [5].
  15. There are about 70-80 million unintended pregnancies in developing countries alone each year [5].
  16. More than 50% of the worlds population is exposed to Malaria [7].
  17. Malaria is estimated to cause between 1.1 - 2.7 million deaths worldwide every year.
  18. In 2005, about 3 million people died of AIDS and 5 million became infected with HIV [6].
  19. It is estimated that 63% of child mortality and 74 % of maternal deaths could be averted with complete coverage [5].
  20. Studies around the world show that 1 in 4 women is physically or sexually abused during pregnancy [4].
  21. The extreme poor are located primarily in South Asia, East Asia, and Sub-Saharan [1]. 
  22. A high crop yield is a key factor in the difference between positive and negative economic growth in the poorer countries [1]. The rich are so much richer than the poor because their economies grew much faster, and not because the poor got much poorer [1].
  23. 5 billions of the worlds 6.3 billion people have reached the first ladder of economic development [1].
  24. Saving money to buy new income streams, trade to sell one product in many areas, new technology to increase productivity, resource booms which provide more land are ways in which household incomes can grow [1].
  25. Lack of saving means lack of money to maintain machinery for example reducing productivity, lack of trade because of poor transport say means that goods made can not be sold, technological reversal, when say due to parents dying children don't learn farming techniques can reduce productivity, loss of resources, natural disasters, and population growth where there is less money per person are reasons household poverty may decline [1].
  26. Physical geography, for example landlocked countries not being able to easily export goods, fiscal trap where lack of GDP and debt means governments can't afford infrastructure, government failure such as corruption may lead to instability, cultural barriers such as family size may cause trouble as resources are spread across more people, geopolitics such as trade barriers can cause problems, and lack of innovation which drives productivity (only 1% of global patents occur in poor countries) [1].
  27. The density of hungry varies somewhat a and most of the hungry are localized in specific areas [2].
  1. The End of Poverty by Jeffrey Sachs
  2. UN Millennium Project 2005. Halving Hunger: It Can Be Done
  3. UN Millennium Project 2005. Toward Universal Primary Education: Investments, Incentives and Institutions
  4. UN Millennium Project 2005. Taking Action: Achieving Gender Equality and Empowering Women
  5. UN Millennium Project 2005. Who's Got the Power ? Transforming Health Systems for Women and Children.
  6. UN Millennium Project 2005. Combining AIDS in the developing world. Task Force on HIV/AIDS, Malaria, TB, and Access to Essential Medicines, Working Group on HIV/AIDS.
  7. UN Millennium Project 2005. Coming to Grips with Malaria in the New Millennium. Task Force on HIV/AIDS, Malaria, TB, and Access to Essential Medicines, Working Group on Malaria.
This page contains Africa facts and world poverty facts.